2009 Samoa Earthquake & Tsuami By Bailey, Jaymee and Monique 7H Before First Look at the Earthquake & Tsunami Event Facts As much as the Earthquake and Tsunami only hit most of the Samoa region, it also distroyed parts of the American Samoa and Tonga towns. Local radio stations in Tonga broadcast warnings that a tsunami was possible and that people should move away from coastal villages. According to measurements from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the magnitude 8.0 quake hit at 6:48 a.m. about 200 kilometers (125 miles) south of Apia, the capital of Samoa. Oxfam New Zealand set up a rapid response emergency fund at their website. Updated October 13, 2009, An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter Scale occurred 120 miles south-southwest from American Samoa, about 13 kilometers below the seabed at about 6:48 a.m. SST (1:48 p.m. Eastern DT ). , French Polynesia escaped much of the damage inflicted against other Polynesian countries and territories by the earthquake.  Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless.  A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. , A tsunami warning remained in effect for the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, as five main waves were expected to strike that archipelago. Both resorts published tsunami updates on their websites. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. After Samoa's tsunami in October 2009 (SEC=UNCLASSIFIED) (10665603365).jpg 453 × 604; 48 KB. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. , The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. , Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence.  289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga. National Tsunami Warning Center, NOAA/NWS Samoa Islands Region Tsunami of 29 September 2009 An earthquake with a moment magnitude of 8.0 (USGS Magnitude) occurred at 1748 UTC 29 September 2009 (day 272) and was located in the Samoa Island Region (15.56 S, 172.07 W, 18 km depth - USGS location). Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. Starting in 2007, Samoa ran National Tsunami Drills in Apia to prepare for tsunamis, raising public awareness that during a worst-case scenario, villages would have only 15 minutes before the tsunami arrived. FEMA coordinated the logistics and location in support of American Samoa as they recover from an earthquake and a tsunami. In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service.  The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).. The tsunami waves measuring 4.5m at peak first arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter.  Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. According to the March 24 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 9.9% of the United States including Puerto Rico. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters.  The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. At least 100 people were reported killed by the waves in the Samoa islands and in Tonga. However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. The 2009 Samoa earthquake was an 8.1 M w submarine earthquake that took place in the Samoan Islands region at 06:48:11 local time on 29 September 2009 (17:48:11 UTC, 29 September). , cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated places during last... 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