These codes were put on the census pages well after the enumeration was done, and therefore provide no additional information. Other lists were sometimes compiled, for a variety of reasons, which are often referred to as census ‘substitutes’. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. Consequently, in 2002, census occupation codes were expanded from three-digit codes to four-digit codes. Simply match up the abbreviation found in an old document with the list below. The men, of course, have the majority of it, but the variety of women’s jobs might be a surprise as well. Developed primarily for use in classifying a respondents industry and occupation as reported in Census Bureau demographic surveys, these are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through review of census and survey responses. 4. Some trades were viewed as more prestigious than others. The imputations use micro data about each individual and training data sets that were classified by specialists into two industry and occupation category systems – that is, they are dual-coded. The General Overview of the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations [PDF - 101K] provides an explanation of how the indexes are designed and how they are used for coding industry and occupation responses. Some new occupations appear: these have been added to the end of the lists. Between 2010 and 2018, 125 occupation codes were deleted and 155 new occupation codes were added. The 1990 Index lists approximately 21,000 industry and 30,000 occupation titles. Some new occupations appear as they were newly added to the census that year: these have been added to the end of the lists. To sign up for updates please enter your contact information below. Code number - occupation(s) 000 Schoolmasters, Teachers, Professors, Lecturers - In Schools &c under Local Authorities 010 Other Domestic Indoor Servants 020 Charwomen 030 Laundry Workers 040 Washers, Ironers, Manglers &c (not in Laundries) 050 Commercial or Business Clerks Images of these questions are provided below. A. There has long been a tendency amongst historians to view the Victorian and Edwardian censuses of England and Wales as a problematic source for studying the work of women. Look for the code and then use the files provided by Steve Morse to connect the dots. 1911 census occupation codes A key to the occupation codes used in the 1911 census. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. Detailed … Between 2010 and 2018, 125 occupation codes were deleted and 155 new occupation codes were added. Click on the occupational title to view that occupation's definition, national employment and wage estimates, and industry and geographic profiles. II., containing, besides the number of males and of females, distinct references showing in what class and sub-class of the classified tables each occupation is to be found. Still more general names are such as Backer, Bailer, Bender, Binder, Bleacher, Blocker, Blower, Bluer, Boxer, Brasher, Burnisher;—a list which by no means exhausts this one initial letter, and, if made complete, would be found to comprise some hundreds of similarly vague designations. While the ACS occupation questions were slightly modified, the codes used for occupation have changed over the history of the ACS. By selecting this link you will leave www.census.gov. After the revisions to the code lists for 2000, Census Bureau analysts anticipated the possibility of new occupations being added to the list of codes and the ability to have more flexibility in adding codes. 1841 Census Occupation Abstract – full occupation details now required. (For example: instruct and evaluate students and create lesson plans, assemble and install pipe sections and review building plans for work details) (Write-in field). Introduction To The Census Index The Classified Index of Industries and Occupations (the "Census Index") was developed to organize and make understandable the many thousands of industries and occupations as obtained from the decennial Census of Population. This special report on occupations covers the number of persons, distinguished by sex, engaged in specific occupations, by states, territories, and principal cities. CENSUS OF rnso: ., OCCUPATION. Starting in 2018, the ACS began coding occupation data using the 2018 Census Occupation Code List, based on the 2018 SOC. Some census records also abbreviate occupations due to the lack of space on census forms. These data are derived from responses to write-in questions that are autocoded and clerically coded by Census Bureau staff, using the Census Occupation Code List developed for Census Bureau household surveys. Beginning in 2018, this system consists of 569 specific occupational categories for employed people, including military, arranged into 23 major occupational groups. On the ACS, demographic occupational data are derived primarily from answers to questions 42 e and f.  These questions are asked of all people 15 years old and over who had worked in the past 5 years. Census 2010 Occupation Codes 0510 Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products 0520 Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products 0530 Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm … Operators of transportation equipment, farm operators and workers, and health care providers account for major portions of their respective industries of transportation, agriculture, and health care. Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users. The SOC classifies paid work or work for profit into occupational categories based on the work performed. For the 1841 Census, a separate Occupation Report was published, known as the ‘Occupation Abstract’. Every Census Bureau occupation code crosswalks to an SOC code. For example, people employed in the transportation industry include mechanics, freight handlers, and payroll clerks; people employed in agriculture include truck drivers and bookkeepers; and people employed in the health care industry include janitors, security guards, and secretaries. The tool kit provides a list of these groupings and SAS and R code to create these groupings. This classification was developed based on the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Manual: 2018, published by the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget (OMB). A deeper look though, shows a bustling society full of a variety of work. Many trades, such as butchers, tanners, shoemakers, tailors, and others were organized into guilds, which were in charge of training apprentices and regulating a trade's practice in an area. For more information on occupational comparability across classification systems between 1990 and 2000, see Technical Paper #65: The Relationship Between the 1990 Census and Census 2000 Industry and Occupation Classification Systems. … Detailed occupation recodes had 94 categories; Simple occupation recodes had 23 categories. The aTI'angement of the census classification differs somewhat, however, from the arrangement of tbe Convertibility List, and a considerable number of the composite occupation groups of that List have been subdivided in the census classification. 1841:-From this date householders’ schedules were in use, and at the census office an effort was made to group the occupations ‘under definite rules and on uniform lines’. For ready reference all the occupations are arranged alphabetically in Table XVII., Vol. Some occupations are closely related to certain industries. I’ve made a short list of 10 occupations and their descriptions taken directly from the 1880 Census of Ashland, Boyd County Kentucky. To compare 2002 to 2010 occupation codes, see 2006-2010 ACS PUMS Occupation Conversion Rates (2002 to 2010 Occupation Census codes). Alphabetical arrangement of occupations in Vol II, Census 1861. Some occupations are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period; some occupations did disappear. The initial ACS used 3-digit census occupation codes based on 1990 SOC codes. In 2000, the ACS began using the 2000 Census Occupation Code list, which was based on the 2000 SOC. By selecting this link you will leave www.census.gov. Occupations were a measure of social status. Vagueness in stating specific occupation A purely occupational classification appears under present conditions of census taking to be impracticable (see page 12), and the present list of occupations is probably even more of an industrial nature than it otherwise need have been because it closely adheres for the sake of continuity to the lists of former censuses. For example, goldsmiths had more prestige than shoemakers. These census records can tell you where your ancestor lived, their name, gender, age on the date of the census, occupation and birthplace (in 1841 it is just shown as within the county or outside). Census-taking in the period was a predominantly male affair – census enumerators, who were mainly men, gave to household heads, again mostly male, census household schedules which they filled up using instructions provided by the exclusively male civil servants of the General Register Office (GRO) in London. Read Local Census Listings or Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles for more information. Another unusual occupation includes the following: David Ackerman Household [son Leslie], 1880 U.S. census, Juneau County, Wisconsin population schedule, town of Necedah, enumeration district 194 supervisor’s district 2 page 19, dwelling 157, family 162; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1431, page 462D. Occupation data describe the kind of work the person does on the job. U.S. Census Bureau 2018 Census Occupation Code List 2018 Census Occupation Code List, Crosswalk, and Summary of Code Changes Updated May 6, 2020 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators (53-7071) Pump Operators, Except Wellhead … This happened because of changes to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, which guides the coding structure implemented by all federal agencies. The Index contains a comprehensive list of over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Changes in the occupational classification system limit comparability of the data from one year to another, and with surveys that use older coding systems (see below). In 2018, it included 570 occupation codes. Additional guidance materials can be reached on the FTP archive. Some abbreviations of occupations are self evident. In 2010, the ACS transitioned to the 2010 Census Occupation Code List, based on the 2010 SOC. Information about occupation is also important for creating jobs as companies use these data to decide where to locate new plants, stores, or offices. SteveMorse.org - Occupation Codes from the 1910–1940 U.S. Census Can't decipher an occupation from a 20th century U.S. census? Every Census Bureau occupation code crosswalks to an SOC code. Data are used to formulate policy and programs for employment, career development and training, and to measure compliance with antidiscrimination policies. Developed primarily for use in classifying a respondents industry and occupation as reported in Census Bureau demographic surveys, these are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through … Also at findmypast, ($), index Occupations, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. List. The codes that appear in columns F and J (see picture below) of the 1940 U.S. Census have been summarized in a 1940 Census Bureau publication . Certain types of incomplete entries are corrected using the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations. For those who worked two or more jobs, the data refer to the job where the person worked the greatest number of hours. Although the prevalence of multiple jobs is low, data on some labor force items may not exactly correspond to the reported occupation, industry, or class of worker of a respondent. The Census Bureau has maintained its own code list since 1850. For information on tenant farmers in Denmark, see this article. For unemployed people and people who are not currently employed but report having a job within the last five years, the data refer to their last job. (For example: 4th grade teacher, entry-level plumber) (Write-in field), Question 42 f. - Describe this person’s most important activities or duties. The 2010 code list was used through the 2017 ACS. In 2010, the Census Occupation Code List included 540 occupation codes. The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Measuring America's People, Places, and Economy. Occasionally respondents supply occupation descriptions that are not sufficiently specific for precise classification, or they do not report on these questions at all. For another alphabetized list of occupations, with their English translations, see http://www.folketimidten.dk/gb.htm. The ACS has collected occupation data since the first survey in 1996. These changes are needed to recognize when new occupations emerge, the growth and decline in existing occupations, and the desire of analysts, researchers, and other users for more detail in the presentation of the data. In 2018, it included 570 occupation codes. In 2010, the Census Occupation Code List included 540 occupation codes. OBSCURE OLD ENGLISH CENSUS OCCUPATIONS. The Victorian enumerat… … 'Make a study of it, Take especial pains to avoid unmeaning terms, or such as are too general to couvey a definite idea of the occupation. Federal agencies use these data in litigation where employment discrimination is alleged. In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. For each employed CPS respondent from before the year 2000 we impute post-2000 Census industry and occupation classifications and related variables. The English census has been taken every 10 years since 1841 but, because they can not be viewed by the public for 100 years, we only have access to the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 census. Further, the Bureau of Economic Analysis uses this information, in conjunction with other data, to develop its state per capita income estimates used in the allocation formulas or for eligibility criteria in many federal programs such as Medicaid, and plans to use the county-level information to develop its county and state per capita income estimates. For the Island Areas—the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and American Samoa— the Island Areas Census, which uses a form based on the ACS and modified for these areas, is still the main data source. The text of these questions as they appear in the 2019 ACS questionnaire is as follows: Question 42 e. - What was this person’s main occupation? Each occupation in the 2018 SOC is placed within one of these 23 major groups: 11-0000 Management Occupations; 13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations; 15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations; 17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations; 19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations Please check the Privacy Policy of the site you are visiting. Learn about subjects covered by the data and which data tool to use. Back to Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users, General Overview of the Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations, Public-Use Sample of Occupation and Industry Write-ins from ACS 2009, 1970 Census Alphabetical Index of Industries and Occupations, Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Guidance for Industry & Occupation Data Users. Find out about handbooks, data users groups, and related topics. Occupation is a person variable and is mainly coded based on the write-in responses to the following questions on the Census form: occupation title and main tasks performed. 11-1000 Top Executives 11-1010 Chief Executives The occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes. Others are not. Comparability of occupation data across time and across data sources is affected by a number of factors, primarily the system used to classify the questionnaire responses. Agencies use these data to plan job training programs. These are comprehensive lists of specific industries and occupations developed over time and continuously updated through review of census and survey responses. Locally, data are used to estimate the demand for staff in healthcare occupations and their geographic distribution based on these data. 00-0000 All Occupations top 11-0000 Management Occupations top; 11-0000 Management Occupations. If one or more of the three variables (occupation, industry, or class of worker) is blank after edit procedures, a code is assigned from a donor respondent who is a “similar” person based on questions such as age, sex, educational attainment, income, employment status, and weeks worked. Deciphering Occupation Codes Appended to the 1940 Census in One Step Stephen P. Morse, PhD & Joel D. Weintraub, PhD. the specific profession, occupation, or trade which the said person is known and reputed to follow in the place where he resides, as clergyman, physician, lawyer, shoemaker, student, farmer, car­ The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Written responses to the occupation questions are coded using the 2018 occupational classification system, which consists of 569 specific occupational categories for employed people, including 4 military codes, arranged into 23 major occupational groups. Other labor force questions, such as questions on earnings or work hours, may have different reference periods and may not limit the response to the primary job. From 2004 through 2018. If all of the labor force and income data are blank, all of these economic questions are assigned from a “similar” person who had provided all the necessary data. They will also show who they were living or staying with on the night of the census. Some occupations are closely related to certain industries. 1891 UK Census Occupation Listing Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) An excellent FRENCH Old Occupation Site: Terms and abbreviations used on Census Returns If you find the description of an occupation not found here, I would very much appreciate it if you would email me with it so that I can update this site. Usually, the greatest cause of non-comparability is the movement of a segment from one category to another. UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811, ($), index. Data on occupation, industry, and class of worker are collected for the respondent’s current primary job or the most recent job for those who are not employed but have worked in the last 5 years. Below is a list of some of the more obscure occupations that you may find on the English Census during your genealogy research. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations, 2006-2010 ACS PUMS Occupation Conversion Rates (2002 to 2010 Occupation Census codes). These questions describe the work activity and occupational experience of the American labor force. The 1900 Census inquired about occupation, trade or profession of each person gainfully employed and 10 years of age and over. In the column numbered 13 is to be reported the occupation of each person 10 years of age and upwards. For full code lists and other technical information, please see our Guidance page. The inquiry "profession, orcupation, or trade," is one of the , most important questions of this schedule. Family Tree Researcher - Dictionary of Old Occupations Jane has an extensive list of unusual, old occupations on her website or, for a few dollars, you can purchase an … This list of jobs from the 1881 census proves the British have always had a great sense of humour. The census did not distinguish employers from employees, or ascertain whether the work was done at … The Alphabetical Indexes of Industries and Occupations list over 21,000 industry and 31,000 occupation titles in alphabetical order. Operators of transportation equipment, … The primary sources of occupation data are currently the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), which collect the detailed data previously covered by the decennial census long forms until 2000. So once again, no attempt was made to compile a classified list of occupations, and the national abstract consisted only of an alphabetical summary of little use. Collapse the Census industry and occupation codes into Simple or Detailed recode categories developed for the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) public use data. However, the industry categories include people in other occupations. Changes in the nature of jobs, respondent terminology, and refinement of category composition made these movements necessary. For employed people, the data refer to the person's job during the previous week. In 2016, the ACS underwent content testing for the class of worker, industry, and occupation questions. This entailed adding a “0” to either the beginning or the end of each occupation code from the 2000 Census Occupation Code List. As a result, in 2019, the ACS implemented changes to the formatting, numbering of questions, and examples for the industry and occupation write-in questions provided on the questionnaire. Mandated reports for Congress on the labor force rely on the analysis of these characteristics. In this handy reference list, we provide abbreviations for several hundred occupations. 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